Computer systems, Environment and Urban Devices
25 (2001) 267–278
Integrating GIS, GPS and GSM technologies for
the eﬀective supervision of ambulances
G. Derekenaris a, *, J. Garofalakis b, C. Makris a, J. Prentzas a, S. Sioutas a, A. Tsakalidis b
Department of Computer Executive and Informatics, Graphics, Multi-media & GIS Lab, School of Executive, University of Patras, 26500 Rion, Patras, Greece m
Computer Technology Institute, Research Product 5, PO Box 1122, 26110 Patras, Greece Acknowledged 27 July 2000
In this conventional paper, we explain a system oﬀering a solution towards the problem of ambulance supervision and emergency incident managing in the prefecture of Attica in Greece. It is based upon the integration of geographic info system (GIS), global positioning program (GPS) and global system for mobile communication (GSM) technologies. The appearance of the system was the result of task management funded by Greek Secretariat of Exploration and Technology. A signiﬁcant operation for the controlling of emergency incidents is a routing of ambulances to incident sites and then to the closest ideal hospitals. The response moments of a current system just like ours to such concerns is of vital signiﬁcance. By utilizing eﬃcient data structures to get the setup of the graph representing the road network, time performance in the shortest-path protocol can be improved. Incorporating the eﬃcient protocol within the GIS will increase our system's stability. # 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. Almost all rights appropriated. Keywords: GIS technology; Spatial networks; Included systems; EKAB
1 . Intro
The eﬃcient management of ambulances in order to achieve fast transportation of patients towards the appropriate hospitals is a essential aspect of the quality of health services * Related author.
Email-based addresses: [email protected] upatras. gr (G. Derekenaris), [email protected] gr (J. Garofalakis), makri @ceid. upatras. grms (C. Makris), [email protected] upatras. gr (J. Prentzas), [email protected] upatras. grms (S. Sioutas), [email protected] grms (A. Tsakalidis).
0198-9715/01/$ -- see the front matter # 2001 Elsevier Science Limited. All privileges reserved. PII: S0198-9715(00)00025-9
G. Derekenaris et ing. / Comput., Environ. and Urban Devices 25 (2001) 267–278
oﬀered to residents. Accomplishing a great eﬀective course-plotting and districting of ambulances will reduce their the rates of response and will thus improve the way emergency incidents are getting handled. In this paper, we all describe a process oﬀering a solution to the trouble of secours management and emergency event handling inside the prefecture of Attica in Greece. It truly is based on the integration of geographic information program (GIS), global positioning system (GPS) (Kaplan & Elliott, 1996) and global system intended for mobile connection (GSM) (Mouly & Pautet, 1992; Rahnema, 1993) solutions. The design of the machine was the result of a project funded by the Greek Secretariat of Research and Technology1. It is going to operate in the National Centre of Quick Assistance (EKAB in Greek), which works with emergency medical incidents by coordinating and routing rescue ambulances to suitable hospitals and health products as well as oﬀering medical care to patients throughout their transport to hospitals. Each of our research unit was primarily responsible for developing the GIS subsystem, which will constitutes the primary focus of this paper. The paper is definitely an extended edition of one shown at TeleGeo 2000 (Derekenaris, Garofalakis, Makris, Prentzas, Sioutas, & Tsakalidis, 2000). An operation with substantive importance pertaining to the handling of unexpected emergency incidents is the routing of your ambulance to the incident web page and from there to the closest appropriate medical center. The optimal paths correspond to minimum required transportation times. Locating such ways may end up being time-consuming regarding large urban centers such as Athens with extremely dense road networks. Yet , by exploiting recent improvements in the ﬁeld of data constructions, the...