Review of Data for Erik Erikson's Identification Theory of Personality Sarah Gruning
Wichita State School
Review of Evidence for Erik Erikson's Personality Theory of Personality
The persona theory i have decided to focus on will probably be Identity Theory. It was developed by Erik Erikson in the nineteen hundreds. Erik Erikson presumed that every person goes through a particular number of phases to reach their full development or potential (Erikson, 1994). He theorized that a human being goes through eight different periods ranging from labor and birth to loss of life (Erikson, 1994). Identity Theory focuses on 8 psychosocial phases of creation, and a great epigenetic theory of maturation (Schultz, 2008). The stages of expansion are crucial to each developmental stage in life, which range from infancy to late adulthood (Erikson, 1994). Erikson was considered to be a Neo-Freudian, and he has been referred to as an " ego psychologist" in this individual past because he studied all the stages of development that span the entire lifespan (Schultz, 2008). Every of Erikson's stages of psychosocial development are noticeable by a issue, which will cause either a confident outcome or maybe a negative final result depending on how the conflict can be resolved. If it is not solved in a great way, after that this is why we see certain persons struggle consist of stages of life (Dunkel, 2008). Relating to Erikson, social and historical factors affect just how your ego identity forms, and that will affect the nature of your personality (Erikson, 1994). The epigenetic rule states that each stage is obviously is governed by innate and hereditary factors that determine what you can accomplish in that particular stage (Erikson, 1994). Unlike Freud, Erikson was focused on social relationships instead of sexual hard disks (Schultz, 2008). In Id theory, there has to be a crisis that happens as a turning point in each stage that allows a changeover on to the up coming stage (Schultz, 2008). This theory also includes basic weaknesses that may come up instead of simple strengths in the case that anything goes wrong inside the stage problems (Schultz, 2008). Adapting towards the crisis in each level may also be adaptive or maladaptive, which then contributes to maldevelopment. Maladaptions can lead to neurotic behavior and various mental problems someday (Schultz, 2008). Erikson concluded that both maladaptive behavior and basic weaknesses can be corrected through the use of psychiatric therapy (Erikson, 1994). Erikson's theory is very positive, because while there is a chance for negative outcomes in each level, we are able to overcome it and find one that is usually positive through multiple methods (Schultz, 2008). The eight stages of development happen to be as follows: Trust vs . Doubtfulness, Autonomy vs . doubt and shame, Project vs . remorse, Industriousness versus inferiority, Id cohesion or role dilemma, Intimacy vs . isolation, Generativity vs . wachstumsstillstand, and Spirit integrity or despair. These stages almost all have basic strengths which have been interlinked with them and perhaps they are: Hope, Will certainly, Purpose, Competence, Fidelity, Like, Care, and Wisdom. These are generally also referred to as " virtuesвЂќ or perhaps the most favorable result of the level (Schultz, 2008). The periods are much like Freud's in how they match different phases of life, but they pass by different brands and the stays are much longer (Schultz, 2008). The Trust vs . Mistrust stage runs from birth to one years old and is when we are completely determined by our caregivers. The Autonomy vs . hesitation and shame ranges via two to three years old, and is whenever we learn to explore our surroundings and are capable of do some activities on our own (Erikson, 1994). The Motivation vs . sense of guilt stage ranges from four to six years of age and is when we study right from wrong, and are capable of assess if we are good or bad as children. Industriousness or inferiority runs from age groups seven to eleven, and is when we commence to realize whenever we are...
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