OPERANT CONDITIONING, A THEORY MANUFACTURED BY B. Farreneheit. SKINNER
Dating back to the 1800's, various theories allow us in reference to Child Development. There were theories which may have become timeless classics and those that continue to cause controversy. Performing research upon these ideas one of them really stood out to me and that is the one of B. N. Skinner. Skinner believed which the best way to know behavior is to check out the causes of a task and its implications. He named this approach operant conditioning. The main principles of operant health and fitness, as described by Skinner, are support, punishment, healthy diet, extinction, elegance, and generalization. Reinforcement is vital element in Skinner's theory. A reinforcement is definitely any attribute in the environment that serves to increase the probability which a person is going to repeat a behavior down the road. It could be mental praise, a good grade or possibly a feeling of increased accomplishment or perhaps satisfaction (Cook). An example of a positive reinforcement is a child gets their report card and brings that home to mom and dad. The kid received four " A'sвЂќ and 1 " BвЂќ. For every " AвЂќ received the parents enhance that kid with funds. In central school " A'sвЂќ happen to be worth twenty dollars each although moving into secondary school they are worth fifty dollars every. This kid will be very motivated to get home numerous " A'sвЂќ as they may! What happens once that reinforcer does not work? That is when the next aspect in Skinner's theory comes into play, that is certainly punishment. Punishment is defined as the opposite of encouragement since it is built to weaken or eliminate a reply rather than increase it. Just like reinforcement, punishment can work both by directly applying an unpleasant stimulus just like a shock after having a response or perhaps by getting rid of a possibly rewarding stimulation (McLeod). For instance, let's say that child whom brought home " A'sвЂќ is now driving. They will broke curfew because these people were out past due with their friends....
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Cook, Mary Littlefield., and Greg Make. " Part 1 . " Child Development: Principles and Perspectives. Boston: Pearson A & B, 2009. 12+. Print.
McLeod, S. A. " B. F. Skinner | Operant Conditioning | Simply Psychology. " SimplyPsychology. org. N. P., 3 years ago. Web. 02 Oct. 2014.
Schacter, Daniel L., Daniel Todd. Gilbert, and Daniel M. Wegner. Psychology. subsequent ed. Ny, NY: Really worth, 2011. Printing