Measure the view that crime and deviance will be the products of the labelling procedure (21 marks)
The labelling theory can be described as micro interactionist approach, this is because it concentrates on how individuals construct the social universe through face-face interactions. It recognises the idea of the вЂprocedural self' in which ones id is consistently constructed and recognised in interaction with significant others, this leads to the individual's behaviour, which include that relevant to crime and deviance.
Significant other folks are those who are in high social electric power and thus capable to dictate impact and definitely determine a person's life. This sort of individuals might include police officers, prison officers, political figures, parents and teachers. Feminists would argue however these are all the males in society, determining and controlling the lives of females, keeping society patriarchal. The influence that significant others place on individuals lives is with the use of labels, wrapping aren't generally based on person characteristics, also stereotypes, functioning assumptions and professional knowledge. For example Cicaurel found that police patrolled working category areas even more intensively, resulting in more arrests, this is due to the police's stereotypical perspective that late individuals are part of the working school.
Lemert distinguishes among primary and secondary deviance in culture. Primary deviance involves minor offences just like vandalism or smoking underage and these types of acts are usually uncaught or perhaps insignificant. On the other hand an individual can be caught for such acts and inturn be classed as late or deviant, the sociable reaction of this kind of label ends in the development of supplementary deviance: more dangerous crimes such as assault or perhaps drugs. This therefore displays that it is not really the work itself nevertheless the hostile societal reaction by simply significant others that creates serious deviance, thus offense and deviance being goods of the labelling process. Support...